According to Goffman, we are all just actors on a stage reading/acting from socially prescribed (and proscribed) scripts. This is especially true when we take on different roles. List two different roles you take as an individual. How do these roles guide your behavior when you are in/around certain situations, places, or people?
Please respond to the following prompt in no less than 5 paragraphs . In your response, you must fully answer all aspects of the question and support your answer with reference to course materials (textbook, supplementary readings, videos, etc).
According to Goffman, we are all just actors on a stage reading/acting from socially prescribed (and proscribed) scripts. This is especially true when we take on different roles. List two different roles you take as an individual. How do these roles guide your behavior when you are in/around certain situations, places, or people? Are these roles in tension with each other, and if so, how does this tension matter for your behavior and the way others perceive you?
Please choose one of the following prompts and respond to it in no less than 5 paragraphs . In your response, you must fully answer all aspects of the question and support your answer with reference to course materials (textbook, supplementary readings, videos, etc).
The Thomas Theorem states, “If men define their situations as real, they are real in their consequences.” This is the “social constructionist” view on society: we create realities in the social world simply because we believe something is real or necessary, and act accordingly. What does this mean to you? What is a real-life example of this theorem, and how does the theorem apply to that example?
In what ways has the development of social media been good for society? In what ways has it been bad for society? Why is a society that uses social media different from one that doesn’t? How does the usage of social media change the way people interact with, relate to, and perceive/judge each other?
Reflect on the assigned reading (ATTACHED ) and write a reflection of the article on professionalism. This should be a minimum of one page (APA). Please reflect on how you can improve on the issue of professionalism (lateness) to not occur again for clinical and what will help you to be better prepared on your clinical day.
Requirements: As required
professional focus32Kai Tiaki Nursing New Zealand * vol 19 no 8 * September 2013Te be truly professional, nurses must always act in a way that fosters trust and respect among patients, colleagues and the public.By professional nursing advisers Lorraine Ritchie and Cathy GilmoreWhat does it mean to be a professional nurse?References1) Glover D. (1999) Accountability. Nursing Times Clinical Monograph; 27, pp1-11.2) Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. (2013) Merriam-Webster Inc: Springfield, MA 01102. www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/profession. Retrieved 26/08/13.3) Gokenbach, V. (2012) Professionalism in Nursing: What does it really mean? www.nursetogether.com/what-is-professionalism-in-nursing? Re-trieved 26/08/13.4) Wild, D. (2013) Professionalism is the best regulator of nursing care. Nursing Times; 109: 8, p13. 5) Asaf, G. (1915) Pack up your troubles in your old kit-bag and smile, smile, smile [Song]. New York: Chappell & Co. Ltd. As autonomous practitioners, nurses are answerable and responsible for the out-come of their professional actions.”1 This includes, but is not limited to, nurses being accountable for all their actions at all times, showing integrity, having advanced commu-nication skills, providing holistic care, being prudent by using discretion, and showing common sense.1 This seems to imply nurses must be paragons of virtue and “super nurses”. However, nurses must practise in a way that models profes-sionalism for all to see, including their peers, patients and the community. It is critical the nursing profession maintains the trust and respect of the entire community so it can carry out the work health care requires and maintain patient safety.Within nursing there appears, at times, to be a lack of knowledge about professional practice and what it means. The word “profes-sionalism” implies both expert knowledge of nursing practice, as well as high standards of ethics and behaviour towards both patients and colleagues. Accepting the title of “nurse” and “professional” does not automatically mean nurses will behave professionally. Nurses need to work at improving their practice and behaviour throughout their careers. the act of behaving in a manner defined and expected by that profession. The Merriam-Web-ster Dictionary defines profession as “a chosen paid occupation requiring prolonged training and a formal qualification”.2 One American nursing leader and commenta-tor, Val Gokenbach, traces the framework for professionalism in nursing back to Florence Nightingale, who set the bar high in terms of giving herself to others, and her expectation of excellence in nursing practice.3 Nursing as a profession embodies many values and, when nurses are asked to describe these values, they are surprisingly consistent throughout the profession globally.3 Those val-ues include honesty, responsibility, the desire to prevent and alleviate suffering, pursuit of new knowledge, belief in human dignity, and equality of all patients.3 Nursing’s core values are the driving force that dictates beliefs and behaviours that occur daily in many differ-ent circumstances and clinical settings. This has not changed since the days of Florence Nightingale.Core documents such as the Nursing Coun-cil’s Code of Conduct and Scopes of Nursing Practice and Competencies, NZNO’s Standards of Professional Practice, and the Health and Disability Commissioner’s Code of Consumer Rights all provide nurses with guidance on expected personal and professional behaviour. These standards and guidelines and those who administer them, provide reassurance for consumers and ensure nurses do provide the safest, skilled and knowledgeable care possible. However, patient safety will only be maintained when nurses adhere to professional practice requirements throughout their nursing careers, making these requirements an inherent part of their practice. As well as being guided by these documents, new nurses learn what it is to be a profes-sional nurse, and how to transition into their new roles and the professionalism these roles demand, through the guidance and mentoring of their more experienced colleagues. Experi-enced nurses have a responsibility to nurture new nurses and teach them what it means to be a nurse, not only through the sharing of knowledge, but also through their modelling of professional behaviour and attitudes. Nurses who behave in this way develop the respect of their colleagues and patients and are “crucial to revitalising the vision and mission of nursing”.4 What are some of the key attributes a nurse requires to ensure professionalism is main-tained in the workplace, whether in an institu-tion or in the community? Firstly, attitude towards others and to one’s work in nursing is a critical component. Nurses who have a nega-tive approach to their work can drag others down and generally make the workplace an un-pleasant place to be. Conversely, those nurses who enjoy their work contribute to maintain-ing a high morale and positive outlook, despite facing daily challenges. Nurses often report that a strong commit-ment to their patients and their careers is what keeps them nursing. How nurses view the world and portray that view to others is really important. It is important nurses remember, when they go to work each day, that everyone they are dealing with has their own life issues, especially patient/clients. The song, Pack up your troubles in your old kit-bag and smile, smile, smile,5 can be instructive. Patient-cen-tred care means patients must come first. Another component of professionalism is personal appearance – clean clothes and shoes, tidy hair. This indicates to the public and to those in the workplace, particularly patients, that nurses care about presenting themselves in a professional manner. Another key attribute of professionalism is the willingness to help others – colleagues, patients, others in the health team. Health care is about teamwork, as this is the only way the best outcomes for patients/clients can be achieved. To actually thrive and survive in nursing, nurses all need to pull together in a positive way, and behave as professionals in every sense of the word.3 •. . . those nurses who enjoy their work contribute to maintaining a high morale and positive outlook, despite facing daily challenges.Experienced nurses have a re-sponsibility to nurture new nurses and teach them what it means to be a nurse . . .Professionalism is also related to how a nurse portrays him/herself at all times, whether “on duty” or not. It can be defined as individuals being expected to display compe-tent and skilful behaviours aligned with their profession. So, being professional, then, is
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