37485The following are the steps taken to classify acid-base status of a blood gas:
1.Analyze the pH – is there an acidemia or alkalemia present?
2.Determine if there is a respiratory involvement.
3.Determine if there is a metabolic involvement.
4.Assess for compensation.
5.If metabolic acidosis is present analyze the anion gap to determine if acid is being added or bicarbonate is being lost.
Provide detailed responses to the following:
For each of the acid-base examples below state if there is an academia or alkalemia present and if the problem is respiratory or metabolic. Is there compensation present? List a possible cause for each.
List all the normal values for pH, PaCO2 and HCO3- first
1.pH = 7.25, PaCO2 = 55 mmHg, HCO3- = 22 mEq/L
2.pH = 7.53, PaCO2 = 44 mmHg, HCO3- = 30 mEq/L
3.pH = 7.25, PaCO2 = 40 mmHg, HCO3- = 16 mEq/L
4.pH = 7.53, PaCO2 = 25 mmHg, HCO3- = 23 mEq/L
5.pH = 7.33, PaCO2 = 48 mmHg, HCO3- = 24 mEq/L
6.pH = 7.25, PaCO2 = 56 mmHg, HCO3- = 25 mEq/L
7.pH = 7.59, PaCO2 = 27 mmHg, HCO3- = 26 mEq/L
8.pH = 7.32, PaCO2 = 50 mmHg, HCO3- = 29 mEq/L
Submit your answers in at least 500 words on a Word document. You must cite at least three references in APA format to defend and support your position.
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