Please be in the fitness or physical therapst industry! Please answer theses questions, i keep missing 25 out of 100 questions
1. Tendons and ligaments are similar because they both have:
2. What is the name of the outer layer of connective tissue on skeletal muscle?
3. The functional units of skeletal muscle that allow it shorten are:
4. In terms of muscle actions at the knee joint, the quadriceps and hamstrings are:
5. Skeletal muscle shortens when:
6. A muscular force-couple occurs when:
7. When lifting the arm overhead, impingement of the subacromial space is avoided when:
8. During a squat, your client’s knees buckle inward as she ascends. This problem is most likely due to:
9. After a workout, your client mentions that he feels a deep, nervy pain in his shoulder that radiates down to his hand. You first course of action should be to:
10. Your new client mentions that he has left shoulder pain when pressing a 50-pound dumbbell overhead. During your initial movement assessment, what is the most acceptable first step?
11. When a client with right shoulder pain has been cleared to exercise, which of the following steps comes earliest in the corrective exercise process?
12. Your client, Steve, who you haven’t trained in 6 weeks calls to schedule a session with you. During the call he mentions that he’s been losing weight without a change to his diet, he’s been having night sweats, and recently had a fever. You should:
13. The purpose(s) of diaphragmatic breathing is to help your client:
14. What is one primary difference between an upper motor neuron and a lower motor neuron?
15. Your new client, John, has 3/10 right shoulder pain at rest. Last week he was cleared to exercise by his physician. After you take him through the first set of a shoulder corrective exercise, he tells you the right shoulder pain has increased to 6/10. What is the next recommended step?
16. Your client, Sarah, was cleared to exercise 6 weeks ago. She shows up to a workout with you today and you notice that she’s limping. She mentions that she twisted her knee playing soccer over the weekend but was hoping your corrective exercises could help her. You should:
17. Which of the following is not a function of the skeletal system?
18. Your client, Ryan, starting jogging recently and he informs you that his right IT band has been feeling stiff. He also mentions that his right knee tends to buckle inward when climbing stairs. Which corrective exercise is likely to decrease his IT band stiffness and reduce inward buckling of the right knee?
19. The two primary roles of fascia are to:
20. Which fascial line travels from the bottom of the feet, up through the hamstrings, spine and posterior skull, and attaches at the forehead?
21. A concentric muscle action occurs when:
22. For what primary reason is the gluteus maximus the strongest muscle in the human body?
23. Considering the 180° of shoulder abduction required to reach overhead, how many degrees comes from the scapulothoracic region?
24. The human body loses its balance when what happens?
25. When a client has poor motor control it increases his/her risk of joint pain and injury because of what two reasons?
26. Which system contains structures and neurons that connect receptors within the skin, muscles, and joints to the cerebellum?
27. After months of practicing a movement, an athlete is able to “automatically” produce that movement very quickly. This is due to the development of:
28. The process that underlies all motor learning is known as:
29. Which brain structure is primarily responsible for correcting movement while it’s occurring?
30. What is the primary difference between closed-loop and open-loop motor control?
31. Skeletal muscle is directly controlled and innervated by which component of the nervous system?
32. Which neurotransmitter is released at the neuromuscular junction?
33. During an initial meeting with a potential client it’s important to ask if he’s been experiencing any red flag symptoms. Which of the following is not a red flag?
34. During an initial interview with a potential client, he mentions that he has been experiencing pain that feels like it’s inside his knee joint. What should you do?
35. You’re training a client to learn a new exercise that is unfamiliar to her, and she’s struggling to perform the exercise correctly. In order to promote motor learning, how should the sets be performed?
36. When training a client with a corrective exercise, how many reps should the client perform?
37. What are the three components that you’ll use to create a Just Right Challenge for your clients?
38. A client has 6/10 knee pain at the beginning of a workout. At the end of the first set of the lateral step with a mini-band his knee pain decreased to 4/10. At the end of the second set it decreased to 2/10. After the third set, his knee pain increased back to 4/10. What should you do next?
39. What is the purpose of performing the Y raise with the client’s chest/trunk resting on a Swiss ball?
40. What is the purpose of having your client squeeze a ball between his elbows during an exercise such as the lateral step or monster walk?
41. What is the purpose of pulling up on one end of the towel during the cervical rotation with towel corrective?
42. A stiff/shortened pectoralis minor causes which compensation of the scapula?
43. Regarding the ball wall push with hip hinge corrective, what is the purpose of using a progressively smaller ball over time?
44. What muscles are primarily targeted when your client performs the posterior shoulder ball roll?
45. Excessive anterior pelvic tilt is typically associated with weakness/inhibition of which two muscle groups?
46. Why is static stretching of the hamstrings not recommended for a person with anterior pelvic tilt?
47. For a client with excessive posterior pelvic tilt, what is the purpose of the cat-camel exercise?
48. Why is it important to learn how to identify compensations seen during the modified Thomas Test?
49. Your client is performing the foam roll mobility drill for her right quadriceps. How should you instruct her during the drill?
50. Your client demonstrates right knee valgus while performing a lunge or squat. Which of the following muscles is likely to be overactive and have sore trigger points?
51. Why is it recommended to perform the hip thrust after mobilizing the hip flexors?
52. Which of the following is not a recommended strategy to reduce the likelihood of a hamstring cramp during the single-leg hip thrust?
53. What is the biggest risk factor for your client to experience a future right hamstring injury?
54. Which of the following athletes would likely require more than 20° of ankle dorsiflexion?
55. Which of the following impairments is likely to cause your client to shift his trunk excessively forward during the lowering phase of a squat?
56. Why is a pen/marker placed against the client’s arch during the wall ankle mobilization drill?
57. When your client has poor extension of the big toe, which of the following structures can it negatively affect while running?
58. The foot inversion assessment measures mobility of which muscle group?
59. Which of the following is a benefit to performing the chin tuck exercise?
60. Which of the following is an example of “proximal stability creates distal mobility?”
61. Your client has low back pain while holding a plank for 10 seconds, but can hold it for 5 seconds without pain. What should you do for the next set?
62. Which of the following is activated when your client can bear down correctly?
63. For the reverse goblet lunge with band, what is the purpose of the band attempting to pull the knee of the working leg into valgus?
64. Your new client is unable to deadlift without low back pain. Which of the following steps should you perform first?
65. While coaching your client to perform the hip hinge posture correctly, what is the purpose of the “anti-shrug” portion of the drill that lowers the shoulders?
66. Your client’s right knee falls into valgus while she performs the hip hinge with mini-band. Which of the following cues would provide her with an external focus to correct the error?
67. Which of the following best describes how your client should step during a monster walk?
68. While performing a barefoot reverse lunge with the client’s right leg in front, your client’s right foot overly pronates. Which of the following is a corrective strategy that provides an external focus?
69. When your client performs the wall elbow walk with band, where should he feel it working?
70. You’ve noticed that your client’s right scapula wings while he performs the lowering phase of a push-up. Which of the following correctives would most likely benefit him?
71. The downward dog corrective has been helping your client improve his dumbbell shoulder press technique. Over the weekend he strained his right wrist and it still bothers him. Which of the following steps should you take?
72. Research demonstrates a link between weak hip abductors and which of the following?
73. When your client performs the sphinx with reach exercise, why is it important to avoid a shoulder shrug in the support arm?
74. When your client performs the scapular activation drill with the arm held at an upward angle, which of the following positions is most appropriate?
75. Why is it important to avoid telling your client that you’re performing a postural assessment?
76. During a sagittal plane view postural assessment you notice that your client stands with his knees slightly flexed. Which of the following does that indicate?
77. During a frontal plane view postural assessment you notice that your client’s left shoulder appears to be elevated/shrugged at rest. Which of the following is the most appropriate corrective?
78. A client that demonstrates upper crossed syndrome typically has weakness in which of the following muscle groups?
79. Which of the following negative effects can occur if your client performs a stretch or lacrosse ball mobilization drill while being stressed and in a heightened state of pain?
80. Stiff suboccipital muscles can impair which of the following cervical movements?
81. The overhead reach is recommended as one way to assess your client’s shoulder function for which of the following reasons?
82. If the chin tuck with lacrosse ball loosened the suboccipital muscles, which of the following cervical movements should have a greater range of motion?
83. Research demonstrates that activating the deep neck flexors can produce which of the following benefits?
84. Which of the following is a hypothesized benefit of foam roller exercises?
85. What is the purpose of performing the t-spine rotation drill from the quadruped position with one supporting arm on the ground?
86. Your client was able to improve his exercise technique through the cues you gave him, without any change in load. This indicates an improvement in which of the following?
87. Which muscles are typically overactive in the lower crossed syndrome that was described by Prof. Janda?
88. Which of the following is a position your client should avoid while performing the cat-camel exercise?
89. During the modified Thomas Test assessment for your client’s right hip, she demonstrates hip abduction in the resting position. Which of the following does this indicate?
90. Which muscle group is the hip thrust exercise intended to strengthen?
91. Research demonstrates a relationship between knee pain and which of the following?
92. Knee valgus is commonly associated with which of the following compensations?
93. Your client, William, sits for many hours each day at his computer. Which of the following compensations are you likely to observe?
94. Your client is a professional basketball player with a 40″ vertical jump and he experiences no low back or knee pain. You assess his hamstring mobility at the popliteal angle and determine that it’s less than normal. What should you do?
95. During a sagittal plane postural assessment you observe anteriorly rotated shoulders. Which of the following correctives is most likely to benefit the client?
96. When your client lacks dorsiflexion, which of the following compensations is common to observe during a squat?
97. Maximal contraction of the hip extensors results in relaxation of the hip flexors. This is an example of what neural arrangement?
98. Activating the hip abductors has been shown to increase mobility of which of the following muscle groups?
99. Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) is caused by which of the following?
100. What is the optimal depth you should train your client to squat from without pain?
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