Assignment 4c: Exegetical Practice on Matthew 28:16-20 (cont.)
For this assignment, you will continue and finish a systematic exegetical analysis of Matthew 28:16-20.
1. Review the following as necessary:
Exegetical Practice Guidelines for Matthew 28:16-20Preview the documentPreview the document
Hermeneutics: The Sweet SixteenPreview the document
Exegetical Method for English Bible StudentsPreview the document
Lecture 10 (Links to an external site.) (Introduction to Exegetical Method)
2. View the following:
Lecture 13 (Links to an external site.): review step 11
Lecture 14 (Links to an external site.): Exegetical Steps 12-16
3. Following the Exegetical Practice Guidelines for Matthew 28:16-20Preview the document, use the Exegetical Practice Worksheets to complete and submit the following exegetical steps fo Matt 28:16-20.
4. See Materials below for important additional resources.
11. Theological Difficulties
12. Exegetical Outline
13. Biblical Coherence
14. Contemporary Culture
16. Personal Response
The materials below will help you complete this assignment.
Translation of Matthew 28:16-20Preview the document
Exegetical Method for English Bible Students
Exegetical Practice Worksheets (Word format)Preview the document
Exegetical Practice Worksheets (Rich Text format)Preview the document
Sample from another student to look at
THEOLOGICAL ANALYSISText: ___________________
The Problem: Who doubted Suggested Solutions (with evidence):Some of the eleven doubted A group other than the eleven was present and they doubted All of the eleven both worshiped and doubted My Preferred Solution (with reasons):Some of the eleven doubted is the preferred solution. According to the author at least some of the disciples or persons present doubted. Since Matthew makes no mention of others present, the doubt would at least be attributed to some of the disciples. The same is true for their worship. Also, doubt existed within the disciples circle as Thomas is recorded as having doubt that Jesus addresses in other gospels such as John 20:25. Rate the Solution (with reasons):X Certain Probable Uncertain I don’t know Amid all the statements, this statement can be taken literally without interpretation. It plainly speaks to the inclusion of some disciples being in a state of doubt in conjunction with but also independent of other recorded behaviors. Plain text meaning makes it certain. 8
I. Final Commission and Address to the Disciples (28:16-20)A. The disciples travel to Galilee (28:16)1. Location: Mountain designated by Jesus B. The disciples worshiped and doubted (28:17)1. Time: Seeing JesusC. Jesus approached and tells the disciples (28:18)1. Association: all authority is given to Him2. Where: heaven and on earthD. Go and make disciples (28:19)1. Location: in all the nations2. Purpose: baptizing and teaching3. Association: In the name of the Father, Son, and Holy SpiritE. I am with you (28:20)1. Relation: with the disciples2. Time: All the days until the end9
Biblical Coherence Passage’s Basic Message:
Jesus addresses the uncertainty of the disciples and commissions them to go make disciples in the authority and name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Promotion of Book’s Purpose: This final account of interaction between Jesus and his disciples promotes the supreme authority that Christ’s kingship entailed. His identity is established by the given authority that he has attests to. The same authority that Jesus taught with, healed with, and was raised with continues to be complete. Only the true Son of God could wield such power and exercise the autonomy to have his disciples make more disciples in his name. Climactically, Matthew informs his readers that Jesus, risen from the dead, has testified of himself and provided evidence of his own authority so that we might know who He is. Thus, Matthew fulfills his purpose. Place in Salvation History: I. The Promise Fulfilled: The seed of Abraham, the Lord Jesus Christ Place in Biblical Thought (with reasons):The teaching of Matthew 28:16-20 is developmental. Through out other text Jesus is recorded as having sent out the disciples to preach the kingdom and to meet the needs of those they were sent to (Luke 10:1-9; Mtt 10:1). This is the same authority that Jesus exercises in this teaching but with much less of the mystery surrounding his miraculous resurrection. This text also builds on those other teachings by removing restrictions on locations and people groups. Jesus tells the disciples to make disciples of all nations (Mtt 28:19). Also, where he had previously told the disciples to take nothing with them as they were sent (Mtt 10:9-10), Jesus now assures them that He will be with them always (Mtt 28:20). Foundational X Developmental10
Contemporary Culture Communication:
People today should be able to relate to the idea that the mission of Christ disciples is to make disciples. With the ability of the world today to communicate and overcome geographic, demographic, and social issues, disciples should thrive. People should be able to relate to the idea of authority as a manifestation of personal autonomy while recognizing that Christ’s authority bore evidence. People should also be able to relate to the idea of keeping in both tradition and practice of teachings that have been handed down. Correction: The bad news for people today is that all roads do not lead to the same destination. Contemporarily, people attempt to reconcile the differences of teaching and spirituality with the thought that the result for all people will be the same. The instructions of Christ were for the disciples to teach the nations to keep His teachings. Many people like the disciples in the text attempt to doubt and worship Christ simultaneously. This seriously disables them leaving them powerless to fulfill the instructions Christ gave. Capture the Significance: The good news for people today is that there is an answer for their double mindedness. Jesus told the disciples that all authority was given to him. When the people of God trust in Jesus they are empowered by the Holy Spirit to accomplish the things that he has instructed them to do. The presence of God is always with us just as Jesus said. There is no need to wonder or question how things have come to pass or what will be next. All authority needed to go, baptize, teach, and make disciples in everyplace is in Christ. It has been given to us and in His name, we can utilize it. 11
1. All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth2. I am with you all the days, until the end of the ageIdentification1. When your authority to do missions is questioned. 2. When you feel alone in the mission fieldImplementation1. Do not feel the need to validate your ministry because authority validates itself 2. Work in the name of The Father, Son and Holy Spirit3. Act in observance of Jesus teachings1. Remember Christ’s promise to be with you2. Trust in his promise to be with you3. Have a conversation with God in prayer4. Allow the Holy Spirit to comfort you5. Make connections with those who are disciples6. Make connections with those who are being discipled12
As a result of studying this text, I am aware of changes that need to be made in my life. I must learn to lean on and trust in the authority that Christ has given his disciples. I am challenged to go therefore. “Going therefore” is the conclusion of both my doubt and my worship. No matter what state I am in the response is to trust and obey.There is praise to be offered unto God for giving Jesus all authority. There is praise to offer to Jesus for giving his disciples authority to execute what he has commissioned us to do. There is praise to be offered to Matthew as the author of the text for solidifying my perception of Jesus as the true king and Son of God who triumphantly brings his kingdom to fruition. Now, I realize that in the moment of the great commission Jesus ensured that his kingdom would have no end. It continues to grow even now as disciples make disciples. This occurs not only because of the ability of the disciples but also in the authority that they do it in. There is no sin to confess or attitude to correct. My attitude has always been to actively engage in this commission. However, actions to take include sharing the text in a new view of the power of the gospel message. I also want to disciple others with this new understanding of the text as a resolution to all the times Jesus sent out the disciples. To disciple in such a way that the limits of my perceptions of “all” be taken off. Lastly my desire is to grow in the grace that the text offers knowing that Christ is with me and his authority expels doubt. 13
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