How can you explain this? Please explain in Taglish. Please give an example po na related sa topic para po mas lalong maintindihan. Thank you!
Lesson How Society Transforms Human 2 Relations Which Lead to the Transformation of its Members REFLECTION: Can you think of a person outside society? Or, a society without persons? Do persons and their societies have a very dynamic relationship in which they cannot exist without the other? Is it important to consider society’s role in the growth and the development of a person, and the person’s role in transforming society? Is to say "Hello!", the first thing to do, when you meet a person for the first time? How about handshake as a form of greeting? Is "pagmamano , a unique gesture to greet to show respect to elders? Are these some of the norms to which members of society are expected to conform? Do norms establish and maintain social order? Do individuals not conforming to norms experience negative consequences, such as punishment or social stigma? Now, think of the rules established by your family and school. Why do you think these rules are put in place? What happens when these rules are violated? How have these rules influenced your behavior? In what ways does society transform individuals? Do social norms, values, language, religion, and historical events influence you and others’ beliefs and ways of behavior? Are some of these norms immoral which when done, people get upset and therefore, obstacles to social acceptance? Are there rules of conduct that define your actions and relations with others? Are social norms such as folkways, mores, or laws put in place to guide human actions? SOCIETY’S ABILITY TO INFLUENCE PERSONS What makes us Filipino? Being born in the Philippines is not our choice. As we grow up in society, we begin to adopt the traits, traditions, and characteristics that distinguish Filipino culture. We learn to speak mother languages through interactions. Through these interactions with other individuals and institutions, we learn how to behave appropriately, what beliefs and traditions to practice, and what ideas and perspectives to consider acceptable. 10
Society influences our development as persons in various ways. Society is the backdrop by which we adopt the prevailing culture, identity, values, ideas, and knowledge of the persons, groups, and communities that surround us. Your interactions with your family, friends, schoolmates, teachers, and other people have all left indelible marks on your identity. Society shapes all individuals that are part of it, though each person is influenced by society in different ways. One of society’s ability to influence persons is to define the relationships and interactions among its members through the establishment of norms. Norms are set of traits and behavior that society consider acceptable, and are thus encouraged and passed on to other members. Society, through the establishment of norms, can also influence knowledge and ideas. If the traffic light flashed red, what does it mean? Is color red the universal signal for us to STOP on the road? Now, imagine that tomorrow, the traffic signals get switched – red now means go, green means caution, and yellow means stop. What do you think will happen in the streets? Have society’s rules and traditions in place for a long time influenced our knowledge? Laws are more formal and stringent norms that establish and define acceptable behavior of citizens with punishments for their violation. Will violation of Cybercrime Prevention Law results into the imprisonment of netizens posting libelous posts or comments on social media? Is wanton throwing of garbage by anyone punishable under the Solid Waste Management Act? Will you be held accountable under the Anti-Bullying Law for shaming or inflicting injuries to classmates? Folkways are less formal norms that arise from tradition and do not result in punishment when violated. Norms, laws, and other rules that regulate human interactions give rise to a social system, which is the organized or patterned set of relationships among individuals and groups that compose a society. Here, members are assigned social roles, which are actions and behaviors expected of certain individuals. Individuals who share similar backgrounds or perform similar roles are grouped together into social groups or social classes. Certain groups that perform vital functions in society are recognized as social Institutions, and these include the family, school, government, and religion. A well-functioning social system where all members, groups, and institutions work in harmony will ensure that society remains harmonious and continues to uphold the welfare of its members. Society also transforms human relations, which leads to the transformation of its members. The historical development of society has brought about significant changes in the way human beings relate to each other. Early societies were initially centered on the family and the clan. But the emergence of industrial societies transformed human relations, as interactions were no longer based on the family and community ties, but also interactions in the workplace. Virtual societies have brought about another great transformation in human relations, as improved communication technologies make it possible for people from faraway places to interact closely with each other. Over the course of his or her life, a person will undertake various social roles as he or she continually interacts with other members of society. An individual is not just a member of a family, he or she is also a neighbor, a citizen, a worker, and a member of an organization, group, or religion. These roles entail sets of responsibilities that the person must undertake. Another way society shapes us is through social volues, which are actions or ideals that are considered important by society. Values such as cooperation, obedience to the law, concern for others, and respect for others are considered vital to maintaining an orderly society. Other aspects of society that contribute to the formation of the individual include language, religion, and historical events. Do you have similar beliefs and ideas with those of your parents or elders? But are your ideas, beliefs, and views shaped by other people as well? 11
Your parents and elders were born to an earlier generation and have thus gone through experiences that you will never encounter. In the same way, you were born into a generation that has unique experiences and characteristics. This disparity in experience and views brings about the "generation gap", which often leads to conflict among people of different ages when discussing topics. Note: CONGRATULATIONS! You and your teacher-facilitator have just journeyed together the first part of this module for one (1) week. Your next destination will be to unravel the mysteries of Lesson 3 on the "Evolution of Societies." Enjoy and make the hobit of philosophizeng!
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