Your presentation had incredible viewpoints based on individuals with disabilities and how nurses should accommodate to patients. I agree that all aspects of developmental issues, i
Your presentation had incredible viewpoints based on individuals with disabilities and how nurses should accommodate to patients. I agree that all aspects of developmental issues, injuries, and impairments should be understood to adequately treat patients with various disorders, as secondary disorders constitute a significant part of understanding what other conditions are affecting mentally, physically, emotionally, and internally. Nurses must contribute to patients and understand their needs, as nurses pass down and collect information for doctors before a patient is seen.
health related issues in individuals with developmental disabilities
The selected group of health professional for this assignment are nurses.
Individuals with developmental disabilities present several health related issues.
Such issues include injuries, mental health and depression, fatigue.
Nurses are responsible for helping individuals with developmental disabilities to overcome such problems. (Sutherland,2002)
Health related issues among people with disability
A number of studies suggest that people with disabilities are more likely to report:
Poorer overall health.
Less access to adequate health care.
Smoking and physical inactivity. (Sutherland,2002)
Secondary conditions affecting people with disability
People with disabilities often are at greater risk for health problems that can be prevented. (Havercamp, 2015)
Many other health issues can arise as a result of a specific impairment, such as:
spinal bifida, or
another form of spinal cord injuryexternal symbol.
Spina bifida is a serious spinal birth condition.
The potential of people with spina bifida can be maximized with the assistance of high-quality medical care. (Havercamp, 2015)
Diseases that affect the central nervous system.
multiple sclerosis (MS), can range from mild to very debilitating due to disruptions in brain-to-body communication.
The body's immune system appears to be attacking its own tissues in an attempt to defend itself in MS, according to Taggart, (2013)
Other secondary conditions affecting people with disability
Bowel or bladder problems-Bladder or bowel incontinence means a problem holding in urine or stool.
Fatigue Injury-one of the most commonly reported effects of a brain injury.
Mental health and depression-people living with chronic physical health conditions experience depression and anxiety at twice the rate of the general population.
Bowel or bladder problems
Some disabilities, such as spinal cord injuries, can affect how well a person’s bladder and bowel works.
In children with learning difficulties, bladder and gastrointestinal issues are prevalent.
Bladder and bowel problems are common in children and adolescents with impairments, including Down syndrome. (Taggart, 2013)
Fatigue in people with disability
Tiredness, exhaustion, and lack of energy are all symptoms of fatigue.
A person's thoughts and feelings might be influenced by their level of fatigue.
It might also have a negative impact on a person's everyday routine.
Fatigue is said to be more severe in people with disability. (Sullivan, 2006)
Injuries in people with disability
Experiencing injury or violence can have a lifelong impact.
There are many ways in which injuries can affect the lives of people, their families, and the community as a whole.
People living with disability are more prone to injuries as they may lack physical support. (Sullivan, 2006)
Nurses responsibility when dealing with people with IDD
Ethically, nurses must treat people IDD as they would their own family members.
People with IDD should be treated with dignity and respect by nurses. (Anderson, 2013)
Nurses and professional groups should advocate for IDD patients' quality of life.
Patients with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) deserve respect and decency from nurses.
Recommendations on how nurses should treat people with disability
Talk to the patient, not the patient's friend or family member.
Do not make assumptions about the level of support required by the person you are treating.
Wait for the offer to be accepted before providing aid. (Anderson, 2013)
Ask them how you can help them, and treat their answers with respect.
Recommendations on how nurses should treat people with disability
Think of people with impairments as capable of managing their own health care.
Do not inquire about the presence of an assistant or a companion if the patient does not have someone to help them
Give yourself enough time to gather information and conduct a comprehensive examination.
When referring to patients with disabilities, use "person-first" language unless the patient requests otherwise. (Anderson, 2013)
Sutherland, G., Couch, M. A., & Iacono, T. (2002). Health issues for adults with developmental disability. Research in developmental disabilities, 23(6), 422-445.
Havercamp, S. M., & Scott, H. M. (2015). National health surveillance of adults with disabilities, adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities, and adults with no disabilities. Disability and health journal, 8(2), 165-172.
Taggart, L., & Cousins, W. (2014). Health promotion for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).
Anderson, L. L., Humphries, K., McDermott, S., Marks, B., Sisirak, J., & Larson, S. (2013). The state of the science of health and wellness for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Intellectual and developmental disabilities, 51(5), 385-398.
Sullivan, W. F., Heng, J., Cameron, D., Lunsky, Y., Cheetham, T., Hennen, B., … & Swift, I. (2006). Consensus guidelines for primary health care of adults with developmental disabilities. Canadian Family Physician, 52(11), 1410-1418.
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