PetroChina Company LimitedPetroChina Company Limited (PetroChina) was established as a joint stock company under the company law of the People’s Republic of China in 1999 as part of the restructuring of China National Petroleum Corporation. PetroChina is an integrated oil and gas company with operations in virtually every aspect of China’s oil and gas industry, including exploration and production, refining and marketing, natural gas transmission, and petrochemicals. PetroChina manages some 70 percent of China’s oil and gas reserves and 45 percent of its oil-refining capacity. Its shares were listed on the Hong Kong and New York Stock Exchanges in 2000.You are an equity research analyst and have been asked to prepare a research report on PetroChina. Your business strategy analysis indicates that PetroChina’s sales growth and financial performance can probably be sustained.However, although your qualitative analysis has yielded promising results, you are concerned that your financial analysis will be difficult due to accounting and audit-quality issues.You start your analysis by becoming familiar with the accounting principles used to prepare PetroChina’s financial statements filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. You are encouraged that the company states that its financial statements conform to IFRS standards, but realize that how accounting standards are applied is as important as the standards themselves.RequiredPetroChina’s financial statements filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission may be found at the following link: (or you can search on google) http://www.petrochina.com.cn/ptr/rdxx/201904/a2ef8b932f8e4c7f92b590d0aa6855f4/files/881a3cf69df641bc9a52c98da44327d2.pdfExamine Petro China’s Note 4, “4 PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES,” and read about the IFRS Standards on the IFRS Web site (https://www.ifrs.org/) and the IAS Plus Web site (https://www.iasplus.com/en/resources/ifrsf/iasb-if…).1. As much as possible, assess the extent to which PetroChina’s accounting principles conform to IFRS standards.2. How reliable is your assessment? 3. What further information would help your assessment?4. Does the auditor’s report provide information useful in your assessment? Explain.
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